When working with videos on DaVinci Resolve, it’s essential to ensure you are using the correct frame rate that your camera shot the footage in. Mixing frame rates is a big no-no, not a good way to start a project.
This easy tutorial will show you how to change the frame rates when using DaVinci Resolve for your video editing.
From animating to video editing, there’s no limit to what you can do with DaVinci Resolve. The platform features different tools and allowing you to adjust the frame rate is one of them.
What is Frame Rate?
Shooting in high frame rates are strictly for capturing more frames so you can slow down the footage otherwise known as Slow Motion. You will never have a project in DaVinci Resolve in slow motion frame rates such as 120fps+.
The only video editors that use high frame rate projects are Gamers because they love the 60fps and 120fps games. When they make gaming videos, they want to get the same feel as the game.
Most editors will ever use frame rates over 30fps as a base project and for good reason. It just looks like Emmerdale or some other lame TV show. Movies are more favourable in 24fps, this is why most films have only ever stuck by the 24fps rule.
Favourable Frame Rates
The most popular frame rates to use for video editing are 24fps (Film), 25fps (PAL), 30fps (NTSC). It’s a bit of confusion around the world on which frame rates to use and when. It usually depends on your country and the refresh rates of your lights when filming.
Personally, I find 30fps to look too “smooth”. I always shoot in multiples of 25fps then edit my videos in 25fps.
Rules for Frame Rates
Stick by your cameras frame rate
If the footage is in 25fps, then you should have your project in 25fps. If you are shooting slow motion such as 50fps or 100fps, still keep your project in 25fps and slow your footage down.
If you slow 50fps footage by 50% in a 50fps project, the footage will appear jumpy to the rest that is playing in normal motion. Slow motion frame rates are only used to capture more frames to use slow motion.
Do not have a higher project frame rate than 30fps
Your frame rates should only vary from 23.987 to 30fps. It’s the most favourable range unless you’re a gamer. Movies are mostly always 24fps, UK and some other countries are always 25fps and the US are around 30fps.
Do not mix frame rates in your timeline
Mixing frame rates causes all sorts of issues. If you’ve ever seen a video and noticed frames looking jumpy, or some frames freezing, they’ve probably mixed framerates. It’s good practice to stick to multiples of what your framerate is. Therefore, you won’t have any issues with the final render.
It’s not always bad, sometimes it’s hard to notice mixed frame rates, but it’s not a good practice at all. Of course, if you have to then do it, but avoid it as much as possible.
Steps to change the timeline frame rate in DaVinci Resolve
You can only do this if you have no clips in your timeline. Is your timeline frame rate unclickable? Scroll down to ‘Why is my timeline frame rate option greyed out?‘
1. Go to ‘File‘ > ‘Project settings…‘
2. Edit your timeline framerate
Why is my timeline frame rate option greyed out?
You can only do this if you have no clips in your timeline. Unfortunately, this is just the way Davinci Resolve works. If you need to change the timeline framerate, you need to create a new timeline:
1. Right-click in your media pool > click ‘Create new timeline‘
2. Deselect ‘Use Project Settings‘
3. Click on the ‘Format’ tab and change the frame rate
4. Click ‘Create’ and copy your old timeline to your new timeline
You can do this easily by double-clicking on your old timeline, selecting all by ‘CMD + A‘ on Mac and ‘CRL + A‘ on Windows, then pasting it in the new timeline by using ‘CMD + V‘ on Mac and ‘CRL + V‘ on Windows.
There you have it. It’s not the easiest but I’ve tried to make the steps really simple for you. Hope this helps.